by Denise Sullivan Denise Sullivan No Comments

Exploring the Properties and Applications of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Material: A Comprehensive Overview

PVDF is a high-performance fluoropolymer with excellent chemical resistance, thermal stability, electrical insulation properties, and mechanical strength. Pennwalt Corporation first developed it in the 1960s under the trade name “Kynar.” Since then, PVDF has found its way into countless applications across multiple industries.

Polyvinylidene Fluoride

The Remarkable Properties of PVDF

PVDF possesses several remarkable properties that make it highly desirable for various industrial applications. Let’s take a closer look at some of these key attributes:

1. Chemical Resistance

One of the most notable features of PVDF is its exceptional chemical resistance. It can withstand exposure to various corrosive substances, including acids, bases, solvents, and even oxidizing solid agents, without degrading or losing its integrity. This property makes PVDF ideal for manufacturing components in aggressive chemical environments.

2. Thermal Stability

PVDF exhibits excellent thermal stability with a high melting point exceeding 170°C (338°F). This allows it to maintain its structural integrity at elevated temperatures without undergoing any significant changes in physical or mechanical properties. As a result, PVDF can be used in applications where exposure to high temperatures is expected.

3. Electrical Insulation Properties

Another essential characteristic of PVDF is its superior electrical insulation properties. It possesses excellent dielectric strength and low dielectric constant, making it suitable for applications requiring insulation against high voltages and electrical conductivity. PVDF is widely used to manufacture cables, wires, and electronic components.

4. Mechanical Strength

PVDF exhibits impressive mechanical strength and durability, providing excellent resistance to impact, wear, and tear. Its high tensile strength allows it to withstand heavy loads and mechanical stress without deforming or breaking. This makes PVDF an ideal material for structural components in various industries.

5. Weatherability

PVDF is highly resistant to UV radiation and weathering effects, making it an excellent choice for outdoor applications that require long-term durability. It does not degrade or become brittle when exposed to sunlight or harsh environmental conditions, ensuring longevity even in challenging outdoor environments.

Applications of PVDF

The exceptional properties of PVDF have led to its extensive use across a wide range of industries. Let’s explore some of the critical applications where PVDF has proven to be highly valuable:

1. Chemical Processing Industry

PVDF’s outstanding chemical resistance makes it an ideal material for manufacturing pipes, fittings, valves, tanks, and other equipment used in the chemical processing industry. It can handle aggressive chemicals while maintaining its integrity over extended periods.

2. Electrical Industry

Due to its excellent electrical insulation properties and resistance to high temperatures, PVDF is widely used in the electrical industry for cable insulation, wire coatings, connectors, circuit board encapsulation materials, and other electronic components where electrical conductivity needs to be controlled effectively.

3. Water Treatment Systems

PVDF’s chemical resistance and ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions make it desirable for water treatment systems, including pipes, filters, membranes, and other components. PVFD membranes are also extensively used in reverse osmosis desalination plants due to their ability to retain ions during the filtration process

4. Architectural Coatings

PVFD coatings are the preferred choice for architectural applications due to their exceptional weatherability and resistance to UV radiation. They are used in facades, cladding, roofing, and other external surfaces of buildings as they provide long-lasting protection against corrosion, fading, and degradation.

5. Medical Industry

PVDF is widely used in the medical industry to manufacture components such as catheters, surgical instruments, implants, dialysis membranes, and drug delivery systems. PVDF’s biocompatibility and resistance to sterilization methods make it an ideal material for medical devices.

Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) material offers a unique combination of properties, making it highly versatile and valuable across various industries. Its exceptional chemical resistance, thermal stability, electrical insulation properties, and mechanical strength have made it a preferred choice for numerous applications ranging from the chemical processing industry to architectural coatings. The future looks promising, with further advancements expected in developing and applying PVDF material.

by Sara McCaslin, PhD Sara McCaslin, PhD No Comments

Polymer Seals for Nuclear Applications

In general, thermoplastics are known for being corrosion resistant, robust, and usually easy to fabricate. However, the operating environment makes it challenging to find good polymer seals for nuclear applications. In this blog post, the focus will be on thermoplastic polymer sealing solutions as an alternative to elastomeric seals.

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by Sara McCaslin, PhD Sara McCaslin, PhD No Comments

Polymer Seal Options for Semiconductors

The manufacturing of semiconductors and semiconductor-related products requires reliable, high purity seals that can survive harsh operating conditions. The right sealing solution can reduce downtime, increase production efficiency, reduce power requirements, and increase process reliability

Seal Environments in Semiconductor Applications

The operating environments for seals in semiconductor applications are challenging to say the least. They may be exposed to fluorine and oxygen plasmas, as well as chlorinated gases, at extreme temperatures or vacuum conditions. Semiconductor seals are typically exposed to highly aggressive, corrosive fluids, such as acids, bases, amine-based strippers, and solvents. Such operating environments can quickly lead to seals that fail prematurely or experience rapid degradation. In addition, because of the delicate nature of semiconductors with respect to contamination, most applications require ultra-high levels of purity.

Semiconductor Applications for Seals

  • Semiconductor processing systems
  • Rotary shaft seals for gearboxes and processing pumps
  • High speed seals

Key Material Properties for Semiconductor Seals

When it comes to semiconductor seals, there are certain material properties that are often key:

  • Reliable mechanical performance
  • Extremely low levels of both anionic and cationic impurities
  • Low levels of TOC (Total Organic Carbon) 
  • Good performance in ultra pure deionized water
  • Low permeation rates
  • Reduced IR (Infrared Absorption)
  • Resistance to both dry and wet process chemistry
  • Minimal outgassing (which can be a major problem at continuous high temperatures)
  • Minimal particle generation 
  • Ultra-high purity
  • Low friction 

Types of Semiconductor Seals

While some applications may simply need a more traditional lip seal, other options include labyrinth seals, spring-energized seals, and encapsulated o-rings. 

Labyrinth seals are a type of dynamic mechanical clearance seal that, when the right material is chosen, exhibit very low friction and provide a long seal life. They are most often used to isolate an area of low pressure from an area of high pressure and do an excellent job of keeping problematic contaminants out and fluid media inside. Labyrinth seals perform extremely well in the presence of extreme pressures as well as cyclic temperatures and pressures. They are also available in a wide variety of engineering polymers, including those recommended for semiconductor seals.

Spring-energized seals can handle vacuum pressures and extreme temperatures extremely well, maintaining a reliable seal when lip seals or o-rings fail. This is made possible by a spring energizer that causes the lip of the seal to maintain contact with the sealing surface even when there are varying pressures or dimensional changes. These are highly dependable seals and can work well in semiconductor applications when combined with the right spring and lip material. 

Encapsulated o-rings work especially well in cryogenic applications and are able to maintain seal integrity in axial sealing applications that are extremely challenging to other seal types. In this type of seal, an elastomeric or spring core is completely contained within a polymeric o-ring, and (once again) with the right material choices can provide outstanding performance even in the presence of highly corrosive or reactive materials. In addition, non-contaminating materials such as PTFE are often used in encapsulated o-rings.

Polymer Materials for Semiconductor Seals

While the type of seal used (i.e., labyrinth, spring energized, etc.) is vital to your design, the choice of material is vital to ensure that the seal does not degrade or prematurely fail. There are several engineering polymers that are well adapted to the unique challenges faced by seals in a semiconductor environment.

PEEK (Polyether Ether Ketone) already has an excellent reputation as a seal material for general applications due to its low friction, wide range of operating temperatures, and excellent chemical resistance. In the context of seals for semiconductors, it also exhibits key features such as low outgassing, good plasma resistance, and excellent performance at high-service temperatures. 

PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) is another very popular seal material, sharing several characteristics with PEEK along with even lower friction and superior chemical compatibility. PTFE works extremely well in high temperature, corrosive environments and is a high-purity material. Note that PTFE is already a commonly used material for gaskets in semiconductor applications.

PI (Polyimide) is another excellent option for semiconductor seals. It is another high purity material that exhibits low outgassing and excellent cryogenic performance along with other properties that are needed to ensure excellent seal integrity. 

Another potential material for use in sealing applicants for semiconductors is PCTFE (Polychlorotrifluoroethylene), often known by its trade name Kel-F or Neoflon. PCTFE shares many of the characteristics of PTFE while improving on others, including better strength and hardness. Like PTFE, it also offers low friction and excellent chemical compatibility.

PAI (Polyamide-imide), referred to by its trade name Torlon, is another option when looking for the right material in semiconductor sealing applications. It is another polymer that has excellent sealing properties when cryogenic temperatures are involved and high pressures are involved. It is also chemically compatible with a range of corrosive media and has excellent wear resistance combined with self-lubrication and low friction. 


Specifying seals for semiconductor applications can be extremely challenging, but the right combination of seal type and material can increase operational efficiency, reduce equipment and process downtime, and lower overall maintenance and operation costs. If you are interested in further exploring sealing solutions for semiconductor applications, our knowledgeable team of seal experts here at Advanced EMC can work with you to find the optimal seal for your design.

by admin admin No Comments

4 Ways to Improve Polymer Seal Performance

Whether it’s a labyrinth seal used in a compressor or a spring-energized seal used in a cryogenic application, seal performance is critical. Premature failure of seals is simply not acceptable, but there are ways to prevent these problems. In this blog post, we are going to discuss material selection, wear sleeves, lubrication, and optimized seal design as options for improving the performance of your seals.

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by admin admin No Comments

Most Common Causes of Polymer Seal Failure

In this article, we are going to look at five of the most common phenomena involved with polymer seal
failure, and what causes are behind the failure. Let’s start with extrusion.


One of the common causes of seal failure is extrusion. If the extrusion took place on the static side of
the seal, then either the back-up ring is too small or the support surface is somewhat uneven. If it is
extruded on the dynamic side, then there could be one of three causes: extreme pressure, worn
bearings, or too large a gap between the mating surfaces.



Fracturing can take several forms, such as chunks missing or long cracks. If you see entire chunks
missing from the dynamic side, the cause is most likely excessive back pressure. If you see the pressure side of the seal broken and burned, the cause could well be the explosion, at high pressure, or residual air. Long cracks appearing in the V-portion of a seal can result from frequent spikes in pressure or too low a temperature at system start up.

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